In dysfunctional systems, enforcement against bad behavior doesn’t work. In response, enforcement gets amped up, and then you have to deal with the original badness and collateral damage.
Eg. third world countries tend to be full of crime. They also tend to be full of aggressive, in-your-face police. You might think all the police might do something about all the criminals. That’s what local bureaucrats presumably thought, too. Except it didn’t work that way, and now you get mugged and pay bribes.
Plenty of American systems have this. Eg. in medicine, we have a big, bureaucratic, obstructive FDA, and the US is full of obvious quackery. You might think we must choose between no FDA and quacks, or FDA and new drugs being terribly expensive. But now we’re stuck with both.